Resilience in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and healthy subjects

Document Type: Original article


1 School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Mental Health Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Introduction: Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) in heart surgery, is counted one of the useful methods. Nevertheless, hospitalization and admit to surgery, accompanied by large amount of stress and anxiety for patients. Resilience is one of the related variables with threatening experiences and stressors. The aim of present research was determining and comparing resilience in patients undergoing CABG and healthy subjects based on personal and hospital factors.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive research is a cross-sectional study. The statistical population included all patients undergoing CABG admitted to hospitals in Tehran in the second half of 2018. The research sample comprised 85 patients with CABG and 85 healthy subjects (total of 170 subjects), who were selected from Hazrat-e Rasoul-e Akram Hospital and Imam Khomeini Hospital. The Connor-Davidson's Resilience Scale and a personal and hospital factors checklist were used to collect the data.
Results: The findings showed that a) there is no statistically meaningful difference between resilience distribution in CABG patients and healthy subjects (P≥./05); b) there is meaningful relationship between personal factors (age and occupation) and patients' resilience; c) there was not meaningful relationship between hospital factors and patients' resilience; d) in healthy subjects, the relationship between age and resilience was negative and meaningful, and between education and resilience was positive and meaningful.
Discussion: Therefore, concentrating and emphasizing on patients' and healthy subjects' resilience deserves research and attention.